Indonesia’s first ever presidential election is a massive enterprise, with more than 150 million eligible voters spread across 14,000 islands and three time zones. Presidential elections were held in Indonesia on July 5, and September 20, 2004. In the second round former security minister Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono defeated incumbent President Megawati Sukarnoputri. Yudhoyono was inaugurated on October 20. The second round of Indonesia’s historic first direct presidential election has taken place successfully, in a general atmosphere of calm, order, and open participation. This represents a major step in the country’s ongoing democratic transition.
Photo by: Ahmad Zamroni
Fotografer yang dinobatkan menjadi “wildlife photographer of the years“ oleh The Natural History Museum di London boleh sangat kecewa saat panitia membatalkan hadiah sebesar £10.000 atau sekitar 125 jut rupiah setelah para juri menemukan dugaan yang cukup kuat bahwa sang fotografer menyewa serigala Iberian yang terkenal sangat langka di Spanyol untuk difoto.
Photo by: Ahmad Zamroni
Text by : Aubrey Belford
Thanks largely to the burning of forests and destruction of carbon-rich peatlands, Indonesia is the third biggest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, a statistic coming under the spotlight ahead of the nation hosting a major international climate change conference next month.
The December 3-14 UN summit on the resort island of Bali will see delegates from around the world — including more than 100 ministers — thrash out a framework for negotiations on a global regime to combat climate change when the current phase of the Kyoto Protocol ends in 2012.
Satellite images from environmental watchdog WWF show that only 25 years ago, the majority of Riau province — home to Ali’s village — was covered in equatorial forest, one of the most ecologically diverse habitats on Earth and a vital absorber of carbon.
Today, four million hectares (nearly 10 million acres), or more than 60 percent, have gone. Land clearing, both legal and illegal, has made way for tree and oil palm plantations, logging concessions and small farms.
Communication, 13:95-109, 1992
Recent mass media scholarship has shed considerable light on journalistic objectivity as a social construct. Seminal studies by researchers like Tuchman (1978), Gans (1979), Epstein (1973), and Fishman (1980) have revealed the relationships among work routines, professional norms and values, and the institutional contexts in which newsmaking takes place. Examining news production as a social activity has helped to place objectivity within an appropriate cultural frame, allowing us to see it as a professional value and a set of communicative strategies employed by journalists. While the newsmaking routines associated with print and broadcast journalism have received significant scholarly attention, surprisingly little scrutiny has been directed towards news photography, or photojournalism.
Both history and popular lore have encouraged us to view photographs as direct, unmediated transcriptions of the real world, rather than seeing them as coded symbolic artifacts whose form and content transmit identifiable points of view. Statements of the kind made by Lady Elizabeth Eastlake, published in the London Quarterly Review for 1857, represent the enduring popular attitude towards the medium of photography:
Since the introduction of photography, viewers have invested the medium with a level of authority and credibility unparalleled by other modes of communication. The iconic similarity of the photograph to its subject masks the distinction between image and reality, and obscures the significance of the picture-making process in the construction of a photographic message. Like Lady Eastlake, most contemporary viewers continue to think of the photograph as a transparent window on the world, capturing the reality in front of the camera lens.